EMS-EPC

The University of Pittsburgh EMS Evidence-Based Practice Center (EMS-EPC)
 

About EMS-EPC:

The Pittsburgh EMS Evidence-Based Practice Center is located in the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.  The EMS-EPC was established to aid the decision-making of EMS medical directors, administrators and EMS professionals.

 

What We Do:

The faculty and staff of the EMS-EPC perform systematic reviews and meta-analyses of the evidence germane to the clinical practice and operations of prehospital emergency care.

 

People:

The EMS-EPC is comprised of a multi-disciplinary team of investigators with expertise in emergency medicine, prehospital emergency care, clinical research, public health, epidemiology, biostatistics, library sciences, and more.

Dr. P. Daniel Patterson (pdp3@pitt.edu) and Dr. Christian Martin-Gill (martingillc2@upmc.edu) are the EMS-EPC'S Co-Directors.

Key staff includes project coordinators and research technicians in the University of Pittsburgh Department of Emergency Medicine; faculty and staff affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh Health Sciences Library System; students and faculty affiliated with the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Emergency Medicine Program; students and faculty affiliated with the Graduate School of Public Health; and medical students and physician residents affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

 

Current Projects:

[1] PICO Research Question: Does evidence support shorter or longer duration naps during night shifts to mitigate fatigue, and/or to improve health, safety, or performance for Emergency Medical Services and other public safety personnel? [Registered with PROSPERO on May 11, 2019, no registration number provided as of April 2020].

 

Completed Projects:

Patterson PD, Mountz KA, Budd CT, Bubb JL, Hsin AU, Weaver MD, Turner RL, Platt TE, Guyette FX, Martin-Gill C, Buysse DJ, Callaway CW. Impact of shift work on blood pressure among Emergency Medical Services clinicians and related shift workers: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Health. Epub 2020 Apr 28. Pubmed Link

 

Patterson PD, Ghen JD, Antoon SF, Martin-Gill C, Guyette FX, Weiss PM, Turner RL, Buysse DJ. Does evidence support "banking/extending sleep" by shift workers to mitigate fatigue, and/or to improve health, safety, or performance? A systematic review. Sleep Health. 2019 Aug;5(4):359-369. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2019.03.001. Epub 2019 Apr 26.

 

Patterson PD, Martin-Gill C. Absence and Need for Fatigue Risk Management in Emergency Medical Services. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-3. doi:10.1080/10903127.2017.1380101. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324169.

 

Martin-Gill C, Barger LK, Moore CG, Higgins JS, Teasley EM, Weiss PM, Condle JP, Flickinger KL, Coppler PJ, Sequeira DJ, Divechia AA, Matthews ME, Lang ES, Patterson PD. Effects of Napping During Shift Work on Sleepiness and Performance in Emergency Medical Services Personnel and Similar Shift Workers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-11. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1376136. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324083.

 

Patterson PD, Higgins JS, Weiss PM, Lang E, Martin-Gill C. Systematic Review Methodology for the Fatigue in Emergency Medical Services Project. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-11. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1380096. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324053.

 

Patterson PD, Weaver MD, Fabio A, Teasley EM, Renn, ML, Curtis BR, Matthews ME, Kroemer AJ, Xun X, Bizhanova Z, Weiss PM, Sequeira DJ, Coppler PJ, Lang ES, Higgins JS. Reliability and Validity of Survey Instruments to Measure Work-Related Fatigue in the Emegency Medical Services Setting: A Systematic Review. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-11. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1376134. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324068. 

 

Patterson PD, Runyon MS, Higgins JS, Weaver MD, Teasley EM, Kroemer AJ, Matthews ME, Curtis BR, Flickinger KL, Xun X, Bizhanova Z, Weiss PM, Condle JP, Renn ML, Sequeira DJ, Coppler PJ, Lang ES, Martin-Gill C. Shorter Versus Longer Shift Duration to Mitigate Fatigue and Fatigue-Related Risks in Emergency Medical Services Personnel and Related Shift Workers: A Systematic Review. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-9. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1376135. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324079.

 

Temple JL, Hostler D, Martin-Gill C, Moore CG, Weiss PM, Sequeira DJ, Condle JP, Lang ES, Higgins JS, Patterson PD. Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Effects of Caffeine in Fatigued Shift Workers: Implications for Emergency Medical Services Personnel. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-10. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1382624. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324066. 

 

Barger LK, Runyon MS, Renn ML, Moore CG, Weiss PM, Condle JP, Flickinger KL, Divecha AA, Coppler PJ, Sequeira DJ, Lang ES, Higgins JS, Patterson PD. Effect of Fatigue Training on Safety, Fatigue, and Sleep in Emergency Medical Services Personnel and Other Shift Workers: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-11. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1362087. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324059. 

 

James FO, Waggoner LB, Weiss PM, Patterson PD, Higgins JS, Lang ES, Van Dongen HPA. Does Implementation of Biomathematical Models Mitigate Fatigue and Fatigue-related Risks in Emergency Medical Services Operations? A Systematic Review. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-12. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1384875. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324070.

 

Studnek JR, Infinger A, Renn ML, Weiss PM, Condle JP, Flickinger KL, Kroemer AJ, Curtis BR, Xun X, Divecha AA, Coppler PJ, Bizhanova Z, Sequeira DJ, Lang E, Higgins JS, Patterson PD. Effect of Task Load Interventions on Fatigue in Emergency Medical Services Personnel and Other Shift Workers: A Systematic Review. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-8. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1384874. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324071.

 

Patterson PD, Higgins JS, Van Dongen HPA, Buysse DJ, Thackery RW, Kupas DF, Becker DS, Dean BE, Lindbeck GH, Guyette FX, Penner JH, Violanti JM, Lang ES, Martin-Gill C. Evidence-Based Guidelines for Faigue Risk Management in Emergency Medical Services. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-13. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1376137. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324069.

 

Martin-Gill C, Higgins JS, Van Dongen HPA, Buysse DJ, Thackery RW, Kupas DF, Becker DS, Dean BE, Lindbeck GH, Guyette FX, Penner JH, Violanti JM, Lang ES, Patterson PD. Proposed Performance Measures and Strategies for Implementation of the Fatigue Risk Management Guidelines for Emergency Medical Services. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Jan 11:1-8. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1381791. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29324060.

 

Patterson PD, Higgins J, Lang ES, Runyon M, Barger L, Studnek J, Moore C, Robinson K, Gainor D, Infinger A, Weiss PM, Sequeira Dj, Martin-Gill C. Evidence-Based Guidelines for Fatigue Risk Management in EMS: Formulating Research Questions and Selecting Outcomes. Prehosp Emerg Care 2017;21(2):149-156. PMID: 27858581.

 

Martin-Gill C, Gaither JB, Bigham BL, Meyers JB, Kupas DF, Spaite DW. National Prehospital Evidence-Based Guidelines Strategy: A Summary for EMS Stakeholders. Prehosp Emerg Care 2016;20(2):175-183. PMID: 26808116.